CLINICAL GENETICS

Chromosome- Definition, Organisations, Structure, Disorders

Introduction: Chromosomes are thread-like structures that are found in the nucleus of both animal and plant cells. Each cell’s nucleus contains chromosomes that bundle the DNA molecule. DNA, a type of nucleic acid, is tightly wrapped around proteins called histones that stabilize the organization of each chromosome. History: In the late 1800s, scientists using a

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Human genome project- Introduction, Goals, Applications

Introduction: History: The HGP has an ultimate goal of identifying and locating the positions of all genes in the human body. A researcher named Renato Dulbecco first suggested the idea of such a project while the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) was also considering the same project because issues related to radiation and chemical exposure

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